英文最常犯的8大錯誤

  • by Alan Hobbs
  • 1 Year ago
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常常一不小心,就在英文世界裏迷失了方向。以下八大典型錯誤,你最常犯的是哪一項呢?

Typical Mistakes in English

1.    Turn Off vs Close

V: Please turn off the TV, I need to study.

X: Please close the TV, I need to study.

「請把電視關掉,我需要溫習。 」 雖然Close在中文也是關掉的意思,但是若需要用遙控器或按鈕才能關掉的動作我們需要使用”turn off”,像是電視、冷氣、電腦 :「Please turn off the TV.」, 「Please turn off the air-con.」, 「Please turn off the computer.」。若是比較直接的關閉,像是關門或是餐廳關門我們就用”close”。舉例:「Please close the door.」 「The restaurant is closed. 」

2. Efforts vs Affords

V: Thank you for all your efforts on this project.

X: Thank you for all your afford on this project.

「感謝您為該項目所付出的努力 」。 雖然兩個詞語長得很相像,但意思卻有差別;Effort是指努力、用力或努力的成果等;Afford 是指花得起,提供得起(金钱、办法、时间等)或给予等。舉例:「I can’t afford buying a house at this moment.」

3. Voice vs Sound

V: Can you please lower your voice, you scared me.

X: Can you please low down your sound, you scared me.

「你可以把你的聲量降低嗎,你嚇到我了。」 “ Voice”和 “ Sound”都是“聲音”的意思,但是用法卻差很大。Voice通常用在“人 ” 講話或是唱歌的聲音,聲音發自於人;Sound涵蓋的範圍較廣,意思是當你知道你聽到的聲音不發自於人,這個時候你就可以使用”Sound”了。舉例:「What does an electric car sound like? 」

4. Loaned vs Borrowed

V: My dad just loaned me 50 dollars when he heard I didn’t have enough money to buy my books.

X: My dad just borrowed me 50 dollar when he heard I didn’t have enough money to buy my books.

「 當我父親聽說我沒有足夠的錢買書時,就借了我50美元。」 “Borrow”和“Lend”都是借的意思,但是誰借給誰時,在英文他們就會用不同的詞語來使用。當你把東西借給別人時就是「You lend something to someone」;當你跟別人借東西時就是 「You borrow something from someone. 」

5. Many vs Much

V: There are so many problems I need to solve.

X: There are so much problems I need to solve.

「我有很多問題需要解決。」在英文世界裏面 “many”和“a lot of”都是適用在可算名詞裡,像是 “books”,“children”,“cars”,etc。但是“much” 我們適用於無法計算的名詞,像是“water”,“sand”,“luck”,etc。但是在“money”的世界,它卻被歸類為不可數名詞(雖然我們還是能計算我們口袋裏有多少錢,所以我們把這當作個案)。

6. Adopted vs Adapted.

V: She was told by her parents that she had been adopted from Taiwan

X: She was told by her parents that she had been adapted from Taiwan

「父母告訴她,她是在台灣被收養的。」Adopted 或Adapted 你只要記得他們的樣子再記得他們各別不同的意思,基本上就不會用錯了。Adopt是指領養, 收養, 接受、採用、選擇或選定等;而Adapt意思是指“ 適應”。

7. Quality vs Quantity

V: My quality of life has improved tremendously since I moved to the country.

X: My quantity of life has improved tremendously since I moved to the country.

「自從我移居到這國家後,我的生活品質得到了極大的改善。」我是一個重質不重量的人,英文裏面質和量長得好像雙胞胎,容易讓人混淆。所以如果你是重質的人,記得 “Quality” 的意思是品質;如果你是重量的人記得“Quantity”是數量的意思就可以了!舉例:「What is the total quantity of the stock?」

8. Affect vs Effect

V: He always affects my emotion when I try to be happy.

X: He always effects my emotion when I try to be happy.

「當我嘗試快樂時,他總是會影響我的情緒。」Affect大多被當作動詞使用,意思是影響、造成或改變的意思。而effect大多為名詞,意思是指效果或效力。舉例:「Regular exercise can have many beneficial effects on your health. 」effect 有時候也會兼當動詞使用,當動詞時意思是指使發生、實現、完成。例如:「The new president wants to effect some new policies starting next year. 」

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